Download A History of Palestine, 634-1099 by Moshe Gil PDF

By Moshe Gil

This used to be the 1st accomplished background of Palestine from the Muslim conquest in 634 to that of the Crusaders in 1099. it's a 1992 translation and revised model of quantity I of Palestine in the course of the First Muslim interval which was once released in Hebrew in 1983 and provides an authoritative survey of the early mediaeval Islamic and Jewish worlds. in line with a magnificent array of resources together with records from the Cairo Geniza assortment, the writer examines the lives of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim groups of Palestine opposed to a heritage of the political and army occasions of the interval. particular recognition is paid to the heritage of Palestinian Jews lower than Muslim rule. a necessary source for college students and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish historical past, spiritual experiences and for someone drawn to the background of the Holy Land.

Professor Gil starts through reviewing the political and armed forces occasions in Palestine earlier than and after the Arab invasion. Later chapters discover the Abbasid, Tiiliinid, Ikhshidid and Fatimid sessions, in which time Palestine used to be a virtually perpetual battlefield for states, armies and factions. by contrast backdrop of clash and administrative alterations, the writer portrays the standard lifetime of Palestine and its population. He appears on the fiscal heritage of Palestine- its agriculture, shipping amenities, exports and platforms of taxation- in addition to the non secular prestige ofJerusalem, the character of Islam's tolerance in the direction of Jews and Christians and the prestige, management and customs of the Christian population. particular recognition is paid to the historical past of Palestinian Jews below Muslim rule. Professor Gil information their topography, financial actions and spiritual existence; he explores the Karaite and Samaritan groups and discusses the position of the main favorite Jewish establishment, the yeshiva.

"A background of Palestine, 634-1099" relies on a powerful array of assets. Professor Gil has conscientiously learn the greater than 1,000 records of the Cairo Geniza assortment and those are paralleled via Arabic, Syriac, Latin and Greek fabric. This enormous research can be learn by means of scholars and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish historical past and non secular experiences and through somebody drawn to the heritage of the Holy Land.

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4 [16] Apart from the religious and economic motives, there are some among contemporary Arab savants who perceive an ethnic motivation behind the conquests. They see Arabs everywhere: even the Canaanites and the Philistines were Arabs, according to their theories. This applies to an even greater degree to the population of Palestine and Syria in the seventh century, who were certainly Semites. Thus, according to their claims, the conquering Arab forces in the course of their battles, actually 3 4 See Snouck Hurgronje, Selected Studies, 30.

He also mentions the place Moukheon Kome, which may mean 'Village of the Moukhaians' with Theodore in charge (bikarios). In this version, Theodore learns well in advance that the Muslims are about to attack (a similar account can also be found in Arab sources) from someone named Koutaba, who was a 'Korasenos'. Evidently the person mentioned was an Arab named Qutayba of the Quraysh tribe, who knew and could enlighten them as to the exact time the Muslims were intending to launch an attack, and thus Theodore stole a march on the Muslim forces and took the offensive at a site called ts See Waqidi, 755-769.

These sources completely contradict the argument mentioned earlier on, to the effect that the villagers and townsmen in Palestine accepted the invasion of those tribes bearing the banner oflslam with open arms because of their so-called racial affinity. I have already described the political and military troubles endured by the Byzantine empire following the death of Justinian and afterwards. There is no questioning the fact that these difficulties contributed considerably to the success of the Muslim wars of conquest.

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