By Julie Coleman
This publication keeps Julie Coleman's acclaimed heritage of dictionaries of English slang and cant. It describes the more and more systematic and scholarly means within which such phrases have been recorded and labeled within the united kingdom, the united states, Australia, and in other places, and the massive progress within the ebook of and public urge for food for dictionaries, glossaries, and publications to the special vocabularies of other social teams, periods, districts, areas, and international locations. Dr Coleman describes the origins of phrases and words and explores their heritage. by means of copious instance she indicates how they solid gentle on lifestyle around the globe - from settlers in Canada and Australia and cockneys in London to gang-members in ny and squaddies struggling with within the Boer and primary international Wars - in addition to at the operations of the narcotics exchange and the leisure company and the lives of these attending American schools and British public schools.The slang lexicographers have been a colorful bunch. these featured during this publication contain spiritualists, aristocrats, socialists, reporters, psychiatrists, school-boys, criminals, hoboes, law enforcement officials, and a serial bigamist. One supplied the foundation for Robert Lewis Stevenson's lengthy John Silver. one other used to be allegedly killed through a red meat pie. Julie Coleman's account will curiosity historians of language, crime, poverty, sexuality, and the legal underworld.
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Additional info for A History of Cant and Slang Dictionaries: Volume III: 1859-1936
23 In the 1890s there was a move back towards the idea that one of the purposes of punishment was reformation, and by the early years of the twentieth century some of those who could not be reformed were being re-categorized as mentally ill rather than criminal. ), Englishness, 66. 21 Kellow Chesney, The Victorian Underworld (London: Temple Smith, 1970), 159, 174. 22 Donald C. Richter, Riotous Victorians (Athens/London: Ohio University Press, 1981), 163. 23 David Taylor, Policing and Punishment in England, 1750–1914 (London: Macmillan, 1998), 50.
The expansion of the railway system and increased middle-class prosperity made it feasible for a growing number of boys to leave home and be educated as gentlemen in the nation’s great and minor public schools. These moulded administrators and regulators for the Empire by imbuing them with ideals of fair play, patriotism, duty, self-control, leadership, and a conviction of their own innate superiority. The inﬂuence of middle-class ideals on the public schools was also to be profound. Ironically, many public schools developed their own slang, and a good command of it undoubtedly contributed to personal advancement both at school and afterwards.
Having shifted to the moral high ground, Britain sought to encourage other nations to follow suit, demonstrating that with power came responsibility: not that might made right in itself, but that mightiness required righteousness. From international politics to domestic life, this public interest in morality gave rise to the hypocrisy that we now consider so characteristic of Victorian England. Even the working classes in Britain could take pleasure in the knowledge that they were lowly members of the greatest power on earth.