By Edwin S. Hunt, James Murray
A background of industrial in Medieval Europe, 1200-1550, demolishes the commonly held view that the word "medieval business" is an oxymoron. The authors assessment the whole variety of industrial in medieval western Europe, probing its Roman and Christian historical past to find the industrial and political forces that formed the association of agriculture, production, building, mining, transportation, and advertising and marketing. Then they take care of the responses of businessmen to the devastating plagues, famines, and conflict that beset Europe within the overdue center a long time. Medieval businessmen's extraordinary luck in dealing with this opposed new atmosphere ready the best way for the industrial growth of the 16th century.
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Extra info for A History of Business in Medieval Europe, 1200-1550 (Cambridge Medieval Textbooks)
In London, for example, the most influential guilds became those involved in the local distribution trade, whereas in Florence those engaged in the textile industry and long-distance trade and finance predominated. But in Paris, the monarchy kept a firm grip on the guilds, forcing them to deal subserviently with its bureaucracy. 6 Part I. Before the Black Death At the end of the twelfth century, most textile production in western Europe was still accomplished by rural or urban family-based crafts for domestic or local consumption.
This movement reached its height in the twelfth century and is perhaps the clearest example of the expansive forces unleashed by the collaboration of lord and peasant. The activities of Wichmann, Archbishop of Magdeburg (–), exemplify the inner workings of the movement of colonization across Europe. To this purpose, he hired locatores, men who would attract settlers from the west in return for grants of land. These land agents fanned out through relatively densely populated Flanders and Holland, extolling the advantages of moving to the east.
The most striking manifestation of this tension was Florence’s famous Ciompi Revolt of , as discussed briefly on page . Three technological advances played a significant part in the industrialization of woolen textiles. One was the introduction of the spinning wheel into western Europe in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. The spinning wheel increased the productivity of wool spinning over the traditional drop-spindle by at least three times, but its use was limited mainly to weft yarns and was banned in many places for spinning warp yarns.