By Christopher Corèdon, Ann Williams
An curiosity within the heart a long time usually brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a be aware or time period which isn't understood or basically imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that: it's been designed to be of genuine aid to common readers and experts alike. The dictionary includes a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the felony and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of lifestyle. Latin was once the language of the church, legislation and executive, and lots of Latin phrases illustrated listed below are usually present in sleek books of historical past of the interval; equally, the perfect that means of outdated English and heart English phrases might elude today's reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that figuring out the beginning and evolution of a be aware provides a greater realizing. There also are examples of medieval phrases and words nonetheless in use at the present time, a different reduction to clarifying which means.
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Additional resources for A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
Cf. Assisa panis et cervisiae; Bolingarius Balcanifer. The *standard-bearer of the *Knights Templar. The standard itself was known as balcanum. Baldachin [baldacchino, baldaquin, baudekin]. Material richly woven with silk and gold thread (known as olosericum) of the 14c and the 15c; a freestanding cover or canopy over the altar; also the canopy used at the most solemn moment during the coronation of an English monarch, as a protection against the mystical instant of the anointing with holy oil being witnessed by ordinary mortals, and used as such in 1953 during the coronation of Elizabeth II to exclude the television cameras; also, an elaborate cover of stone and wrought metal fixed to the roof or supported by the columns of tomb or niche; it reached a pinnacle of elaborate ornamentation during the Baroque, 17–18c.
Next; Babewyn Babery. Grotesque images used as decoration in architecture, also in illuminated MSS. Today, we call them ‘gargoyles’. [< ME babywynrie] – Cf. next Babewyn. Any of the ugly or demonic creatures which populate medieval artwork; many are to be found cut in *cathedral stone, tucked away from first gaze. [< OFr. babuin = grimace, baboon; ME babywynrie = something monstrous] – Cf. previous; Bagwyn; Bestiary; Blemmya; Cynocephalus; Gryllus Babylon. Geography in medieval Europe was rudimentary.
G. at meal time in the *frater. – Cf. previous; Scriptorium Armed. Her. Term used when the teeth or claws of an animal are shown in a *tincture different from the animal’s body. Armes courtoises. The general term for the arms employed in tournaments which had had their ‘killing edge’ removed: swords were blunted and the points of lances changed to minimise the danger of fatal injuries. e. *courtly love, the convention prescribing how ladies and their knights conducted themselves. – Cf. À plaisir; Arms, Statute of; Coronal; Curtana Armet.